Next to cash rents, fertilizer is the biggest item in corn budgets.Nitrogen alone accounts for about 80% of the fertilizer dollarsat Silent Shade Planting Co., a diversifiedMississippi Delta crop operation. So when wholesale urea prices briefly hit bottom last week in New Orleans-Louisiana (NOLA) wholesale markets, farmer Willard Jack of Belzoni, Mississippi, took notice.
NOLA urea barges that had traded $202-$205/ton early in January fell to the $179-$180/ton level last week before bouncing back the same day, DTN Fertilizer Columnist Ken Johnson reported in his February DTN wholesale fertilizer report. Both he and Jack believe urea's fireworks are over for the time being. At the retail level, DTN surveys already show the fertilizer down 19% in the past year.
"I'm getting real close to pulling the trigger for 2016," says Jack. His local retail urea prices fell to $320/ton last week, down from bids of $445/ton a year ago.
University of Illinois economist Gary Schnitkey had expected 2016 fertilizer costs to run the lowest since 2009, thanks to the swan dive in retail prices since mid-year. That was enough to knock $30/acre off his 2016 central Illinois corn budgets in December. By holding out until now, Jack hopes to match or better that savings.
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For the last four years, Jack has charted fertilizer basis--the spread between NOLA barge rates and his local dealer price--to gauge seasonality and to get early warnings of price direction.
"We chart basis for grains, so why not fertilizer?" he says.
To collect the data, he subscribes to a weekly wholesale fertilizer newsletter called Argus and follows DTN's monthly wholesale and weekly retail price surveys.
"I want my supplier to make his margin, I just want to know that it's also a good price for us," Jack says.
One advantage for Delta farmers is proximity to imports barged from New Orleans as well as a major CF Industries UAN plant in Yazoo, Mississippi, so freight costs remain low relative to farms in the more remote Upper Midwest. Last spring UAN32 ran $325/ton locally, but Jack expects a bid closer to $260-$250/ton this week. DTN's national average price was $317/ton last week.
At the retail level, prices for seven of the eight fertilizers monitored by DTN in weekly surveys are running 13% to 20% below year ago levels (subscribers see DTN's Fertilizer section on the Farm Business page).
"These are pretty dramatic drops," says Jack. "Until the last 10 years, fertilizer prices were so stable that a $5/ton/year movement was considered a big deal."
DTN Fertilizer Columnist Johnson forecast more slippage in this week's wholesale price for ammonia. "Prices for competing forms of N are soft and late in [January] domestic ammonia prices took a sharp hit in the Western Corn Belt as Koch reduced Sioux City prices by $55 to $380 per short ton," Johnson says. "Domestic ammonia prices have been far out of line with decreasing urea prices for some time and we believe this could be only the beginning of a decline in domestic ammonia prices."
Jack admits he's running out of time to make spring purchases. The family operation--including Jack, his wife, son, daughter and son-in-law--have already flown some aerial applications of potash. Planting starts in earnest in a month.
"These nitrogen fertilizers are big numbers for us," says Jack, who normally purchases product starting in November. "By next week, I'll be buying it all."
Follow Marcia Taylor on Twitter@MarciaZTaylor
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