The attached chart shows the crop condition index (CCI) for select Saskatchewan crops, based on the government's June 1 or first crop condition estimates for the season. The CCI is calculated with the formula:
CCI = (% Excellent x 3) +(% Good x 2) + (% Fair x1) + (% Poor x -1) + (% Very Poor x -2)
This week's findings are better than seen in the initial report for 2019, poorer than the results based on the initial report in 2020 while relatively close to the five-year average for most crops.
Of the select crops on the attached chart, results for two crops jump out. The CCI calculated for winter wheat is 115 points, which is 68 points below 2020 and 58.8 points below the five-year average. The cool and dry spring proved challenging for both winter wheat and fall rye. In the case of winter wheat, the 54,400 acres reported by Statistics Canada represents less than 1% of total wheat acres (excluding durum).
Soybeans are another crop that stands out on this chart. The reason being is that when the percentage points of the five categories are added (Excellent + Good + Fair + Poor + Very Poor) the result totals 80, when it should total 100. Soybean data this week should be over-looked.
When the remaining crops are compared to their respective five-year average for this week, the dry pea CCI is 14.8 points below average, spring wheat is 8.6 points below average, lentils are 6.8 points below average, canola is 1.8 points below average and durum is 0.4 points below average. The CCI calculated for oats is equal to its five-year average. The CCI calculated for barley is 1.8 points above average and the flax CCI is 15 points above its five-year average.
The province rates the overall crop as good, although crops such as canola and mustard are viewed as fair to good. High temperatures during the course of this week will take a further toll on the crop and cooler weather and follow-up precipitation will be welcome and needed for all areas of the Prairies to support crop development.
Cliff Jamieson can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
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