Canada Markets

Global Data Paints a Bleaker Picture for Wheat

Cliff Jamieson
By  Cliff Jamieson , Canadian Grains Analyst
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The February WASDE report saw an increase in estimated 2015-16 beginning stocks and global production along with a reduction in estimated global consumption, leading to a sharp increase in estimated global ending stocks of 239 million metric tons, as seen by the red bar measured against the primary vertical axis. The black line represents the global stocks to use, as measured against the secondary vertical axis on the right. (DTN graphic by Scott Kemper)

According to the USDA report released Tuesday, global wheat fundamentals are more bearish than previously thought, driven by a combination of both higher supplies and reduced consumption, although there was a muted response in futures trade Tuesday.

Global ending stocks were increased by 6.8 million metric tons given an increase in beginning stocks due to prior-year adjustments of 1.7 mmt (mostly China), a 400,000 metric ton increase in 2015-16 production seen in Argentina and Ukraine, along with a 4.7 mmt drop in consumption, again, largely focused on China.

As seen on the attached chart, ending stocks for 2015-16 are pegged at close to 239 mmt (red bar), up from 232.037 mmt reported last month, a record high and up from the recent low of 177 mmt achieved in 2012-13. Global ending stocks as a percentage of annual use is calculated at 33.6%, up from the recent low of 26.07% in 2012-13.

Tuesday's market activity may suggest that the market is immune to the bad news and is close to reaching contract lows, or simply may not believe the data. Both nearby winter wheat markets posted only modest losses on Tuesday following the report, after recovering from fresh contract lows on the SRW and HRW markets to close near the mid-point of the day's trading range. SRW closed 1 cent lower, HRW finished 1/2 cent lower and HRS closed 1 1/4 cents higher (March contracts), hardly a bearish response. March/May spreads across all three contracts narrowed on Tuesday, a sign of commercial buying activity, while U.S. dollar weakness was a supportive feature.

Canada's export potential was increased by 1.5 mmt from last month to 22 mmt, just slightly higher than the current estimate released in AAFC's January supply and demand tables. The race for the second-largest global exporter is a tight one, after the forecast for 32.5 mmt expected to be shipped by Europe. The current forecast shows Russia shipping 23.5 mmt, while the U.S. is expected to ship 21 mmt.

One piece of supportive data in Tuesday's report is the shrinking stocks held by major exporters, using the International Grain Council's definition of Argentina, Australia, Canada, European Union, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and the United States. This volume fell slightly from the January estimate to 71.72 mmt or 30% of global supplies, up little given that stocks in these eight countries were 29.5% of 2014-15 global stocks. Canada is a contributor to the tighter stocks, with the current AAFC estimate of 4.2 mmt for Canada's 2015-16 all-wheat carryout the tightest seen in Statistics Canada data going back to 1981.


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