Canada Markets

A Look at 2015 Soybean Yields in Canada

Cliff Jamieson
By  Cliff Jamieson , Canadian Grains Analyst
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The green and yellow bars represent soybean yields for 2014 and 2015 for Canada and the major producing provinces, measured against the primary vertical axis. The purple line represents the percent of the 20-year trend for Canada, Quebec and Ontario for 2014, while the black line represents the percent of the 20-year trend for 2015, as measured against the secondary vertical axis on the right. Twenty-year Statistics Canada history is not available for Manitoba. (DTN graphic by Nick Scalise)

Thursday's Canada Markets blog marks a fourth and final look at yield trends for major crops. Statistics Canada's Dec. 4 crop production report revealed the country's seventh consecutive record level of soybean production at 6.235 million metric tons, despite a 2.2% drop in harvested acres. Record production was achieved for Quebec on increased yields and lower harvested acres, as well as in Manitoba, with a record acreage and higher yields. Ontario faced a year-over-year drop in production, given lower acres while yield was unchanged from 2014.

The average Canadian yield was reported at 42.4 bushels per acre, above the 40.2 bpa achieved in 2014 although still below the record 43.9 bpa achieved in 2010. The year-over-year change is noted by the green and yellow bars on the attached chart. Quebec achieved a record 47.3 bpa yield, a significant 22% jump from 2014, while the year-over-year average in Manitoba jumped 14.5% to the province's second-highest average yield of 37 bpa. Ontario's provincial average was estimated at 45.5 bpa, unchanged for 2014. Not shown on the chart is Saskatchewan, where the average provincial yield is 24.9 bpa, slightly below the average of the previous two years with Statistics Canada data reporting the province's data for a total of three years.

The lines with markers represents each province's 2014 average yield as a percent of the 1994-through-2013 20-year trend (purple line), while the black line represents the 2015 average yield as a percent of the 1995-through-2014 20-year average. From 2014 to 2015, Canada's yield as a percent of its respective 20-year trend jumped from 97.3% to 101.4%. As indicated on the attached chart, this is largely tied to a year-over-year increase in Quebec, from 96.7% of trend in 2014 to 116.5% of trend in 2015. Manitoba's year-over-year increase also affected Canadian data, although 20-year data is not available.

Using simple trend forecasting tools in Excel to extrapolate the discussed trend, Canada's average yield would be just slightly lower in 2016 at 42 bpa. Quebec's 2016 yield would fall back to trend at 40.6 bpa, while Ontario's average yield would increase slightly to 46.4 bpa.

DTN 360 Poll

This week's poll asks what you think about Statistics Canada's recent estimate of 17.2 million metric tons for 2015 canola production. Do you believe it? You can weigh in with your thoughts on DTN's 360 poll found on the lower right of your DTN Home Page. We would like to thank all those for their past contributions to DTN polls.

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