The latest weekly state crop reports continue to indicate very favorable growing conditions for corn and soybeans in the Midwest. Crop ratings for both corn and soybeans in the major producing states of Iowa, Illinois and Minnesota all increased from a week ago and are now rated between 805 and 82% good to excellent for corn and 76% to 80% for soybeans. This increase in ratings is occurring right in the heart of the main pollination period for corn. There were some reports of crop damage due to severe weather during the past week, but this is usually localized and has no significant impact on overall crop conditions. There is some dryness being reported in the state of Ohio with early planted soybeans looking better than the later-planted crop. The forecast continues to look favorable during the next seven days with only a brief period of hotter, drier weather developing later this week before a return to scattered showers and thunderstorms and more moderate temperatures next week. The vast majority of the corn crop should go through pollination with little stress.
Soil moisture supplies are good for corn and soybeans in North Dakota. The spring wheat crop is in the later filling and maturing stages of development. Similar to the Midwest, we do not see any prolonged hot, dry weather with episodes of scattered showers and thunderstorms. This will favor all crops which are generally developing ahead of normal.
Most of the winter wheat has been harvested in the Southern Plains. The row crops are generally experiencing adequate soil moisture. Hot and mostly dry weather is expected through the end of the week, which will deplete soil moisture and increase crop stress, especially to the third of the corn crop that has not yet pollinated. The forecast for next week looks better with more moderate temperatures and near to above normal rainfall. This will favor filling corn and developing soybeans.
Much of the Delta and Southeast states could use more rain with most of the region running between 55% and 65% short to very short on topsoil moisture. Mostly above normal temperatures and only limited rainfall during the next seven days will deplete moisture for pod-filling soybeans. Most of the corn crop is late filling and maturing with diminishing moisture needs.
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