USDA Weekly Crop Progress

Corn, Soybean Conditions Unchanged From Previous Week

Anthony Greder
By  Anthony Greder , DTN Managing Editor
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(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

This article was originally posted at 3:05 p.m. CDT on Monday, Aug. 12. It was last updated at 4:10 p.m. CDT on Monday, Aug. 12.

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OMAHA (DTN) -- Corn and soybean development continued to lag behind the average pace last week, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday. Condition ratings for both crops held steady but remained the lowest since 2012.

As of Sunday, Aug. 11, 90% of corn was silking, up 12 percentage points from 78% the previous week but 7 percentage points behind the five-year average of 97%. That was an improvement from last Monday's report when silking was running 15 percentage points behind average. Corn in the dough stage was pegged at 39%, up 27 percentage points from 23% the previous week but 22 percentage points behind the five-year average of 61%. That was further behind average than in last Monday's report when corn in the dough stage was 19 percentage points behind the average. Corn dented was 7%, behind last year's 24% and 9 percentage points behind the five-year average of 16%.

"Indiana, Michigan and Ohio are the slowest in corn progress," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

Corn's good-to-excellent condition rating was estimated at 57%, unchanged from the previous week but still the lowest good-to-excellent rating for this time of year in seven years.

"Traders were expecting a drop of 1 to 2 percentage points in corn's good-to-excellent rating," Mantini said. "States with the worst corn ratings are Illinois, Michigan and Missouri, while among the best are Tennessee, Nebraska and North Dakota."

Soybean development also continued to lag behind average last week. The portion of the crop that was blooming was 82%, up 10 percentage points from the previous week but 11 percentage points behind the five-year average of 93%. That was a slight improvement from last Monday's report when blooming was running 15 percentage points behind average. Soybeans setting pods reached 54% as of Sunday, 22 percentage points behind the average pace of 76%. That was also an improvement from last week's report, when soybeans setting pods was 26 percentage points behind the average pace.

"Those states that are the most behind in soybeans setting pods are Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio," Mantini said.

Like corn, the condition of the soybean crop also held steady last week with a good-to-excellent rating of 54%. That compares to last year's 66%, and also remains the lowest good-to-excellent rating for the crop since 2012.

"Traders were expecting a drop of 1 to 2 percentage points in soybeans' good-to-excellent condition," Mantini said.

Winter wheat harvest continued to slowly inch toward the finish line, reaching 89% complete as of Sunday, behind last year's 93% and 7 percentage points behind the five-year average of 96%.

Spring wheat harvest progress was also slow, up only 6 percentage points from the previous week to reach 8% as of Sunday, behind last year's 32% and 22 percentage points behind the five-year average of 30%.

Spring wheat condition -- for the portion of the crop still in the field -- was estimated at 69% good to excellent, down from 73% the previous week.

Sorghum heading reached 61% as of Sunday, behind the five-year average of 74%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 26%, behind the average of 35%. Sorghum mature was estimated at 19%, behind the average of 23%. Sorghum condition was rated 66% good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from 68% the previous week. Oats were 48% harvested, behind the average of 64%.

Cotton setting bolls was 77%, slightly ahead of the average of 76%. Cotton bolls opening was at 20%, ahead of the average of 10%. Cotton condition was rated 56% good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from 54% the previous week. Rice headed was pegged at 76%, behind the average of 85%. Rice harvested was 7%, slightly behind the average of 9%. Rice condition was rated 70% good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from 68% the previous week.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Silking 90 78 96 97
Corn Dough 39 23 71 61
Corn Dented 7 NA 24 16
Soybeans Blooming 82 72 95 93
Soybeans Setting Pods 54 37 83 76
Winter Wheat Harvested 89 82 93 96
Spring Wheat Harvested 8 2 32 30
Cotton Setting Bolls 77 59 75 76
Cotton Bolls Opening 20 NA 12 10
Sorghum Headed 61 45 77 74
Sorghum Coloring 26 23 36 35
Sorghum Mature 19 NA 21 23
Barley Harvested 15 3 37 39
Oats Harvested 48 32 65 64
Rice Headed 76 60 90 85
Rice Harvested 7 NA 10 9

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 10 30 47 10 3 10 30 47 10 3 7 20 50 20
Soybeans 3 10 33 46 8 3 10 33 45 9 3 7 24 50 16
Spring Wheat 1 7 23 57 12 - 5 22 63 10 1 4 20 62 13
Cotton 1 9 34 47 9 1 12 33 44 10 14 20 26 32 8
Sorghum 1 5 28 52 14 1 5 26 54 14 5 12 34 42 7
Barley - 6 20 57 17 - 5 19 64 12 - 3 16 67 14
Oats 2 6 28 52 12 2 6 27 54 11 4 3 22 58 13
Rice 1 5 24 47 23 1 6 25 45 23 1 6 24 57 12

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National Soil Moisture Condition - 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR
Topsoil Moisture 10 27 57 6 9 28 57 6 15 28 53 4
Subsoil Moisture 7 24 63 6 6 23 65 6 14 29 53 4

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

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Anthony Greder

Anthony Greder
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