DOJ Blocks Major Dairy Sale

Antitrust Division Wants Three Dairies Divested From Dean Foods Sale to DFA

Chris Clayton
By  Chris Clayton , DTN Ag Policy Editor
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The Department of Justice and two state attorneys general filed a civil lawsuit to block the sale of three dairies in Illinois, Massachusetts and Wisconsin as part of Dairy Farmers of America bankruptcy purchase of Dean Foods' dairies. (DTN file photo)

GLENWOOD, Iowa (DTN) -- The U.S. Department of Justice, along with two state attorneys general, filed antitrust litigation Friday to block the sale of three dairy processing plants by Dairy Farmers of America as part of rival Dean Foods Co. bankruptcy.

The Department of Justice, with the attorneys general in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, reached a settlement to block DFA from taking over at least three dairy operations that were part of the Dean Foods' sale of 44 dairy processing plants to DFA. The lawsuit, filed in the U.S Northern Court of Illinois, seeks to block DFA from taking over the Dean Foods' dairies unless DFA agrees not to acquire dairies in Illinois, Massachusetts and Wisconsin.

Specifically, the lawsuit spells out a proposed settlement that DFA will not exercise a purchase option on the Dean Foods' Garelick Farms dairy plant in Franklin, Massachusetts; the Dean Foods' Morning Glory Dairy plant in De Pere, Wisconsin; and the Dean Foods dairy processing plant in Harvard, Illinois. The news release indicates Dean and DFA have agreed to the settlement.

"Today's settlement with DFA and Dean will ensure the continued operation of dozens of fluid milk plants and that supermarkets, schools, convenience stores, hospitals, and other consumers of fluid milk are not harmed by the loss of Dean's processing plants due to its bankruptcy," the DOJ news release stated.

DFA and Dean did not immediately comment on the Department of Justice's actions.

Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim of the DOJ's Antitrust Division, stated the dairy industry is in a tumultuous time with both Dean Foods and Borden Dairy Co. in bankruptcy and a pandemic "causing demand for milk by schools and restaurants to collapse."

Delrahim said DOJ conducted a quick investigation, "But our actions today preserve competition for fluid milk processing in northeastern Illinois, Wisconsin and in New England."

DOJ stated it was closing an investigation into dairy processor Prairie Farms buying Dean Foods plants in the South and Midwest "after concluding that the plants at issue likely would be shut down if not purchased by Prairie Farms because of Dean's distressed financial condition and the lack of alternative operators who could timely buy the plants."

DFA is a Kansas cooperative with 47 facilities and roughly $15.9 billion in sales. Dean, based in Texas, operates 57 operations, but Dean filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and began selling off its operations. Dean reached an agreement in February to sell 44 dairies to DFA for a reported $433 million, according to a news release from Dean Foods. The sale had been approved by a bankruptcy court earlier this month.

Prairie Farmers bought eight Dean Foods facilities and associated distribution centers for $75 million.

Chris Clayton can be reached at Chris.Clayton@dtn.com

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Chris Clayton