OMAHA (DTN) -- Continuing a trend seen over the past several weeks, average retail fertilizer prices showed little movement in either direction the fourth week of June 2017, according to fertilizer retailers surveyed by DTN.
Of the eight major fertilizers, prices for all but one were slightly lower compared to a month prior. DAP had an average price of $437 per ton, MAP $470/ton, urea $333/ton, 10-34-0 $435/ton, anhydrous $484/ton, UAN28 $238/ton and UAN32 $268/ton.
The remaining fertilizer, potash, was just slightly higher compared to the previous month. Potash had an average price of $340/ton.
On a price per pound of nitrogen basis, the average urea price was at $0.36/lb.N, anhydrous $0.30/lb.N, UAN28 $0.43/lb.N and UAN32 $0.42/lb.N.
In recent weeks in this column, we have examined different methods farmers use to sidedress nitrogen on their crops. Some apply anhydrous, UAN and urea at various stages of growth in corn production in an attempt to get the nutrients to the young corn plants right when they need it.
One topic we didn't touch on was the sidedressing of manure, a practice currently not widely done. Two researchers at Ohio State University Extension have redesigned a tool bar that allows farmers to put manure on a field while the crop is growing.
Glen Arnold, an OSU Extension manure management specialist, and Sam Custard, an OSU Extension educator in Darke County, created a system in which manure is pumped through a hose from a livestock facility manure pit and then fed through a refigured toolbar. The manure is injected into soil between the rows of growing corn, and then it is covered with soil.
Arnold said that, traditionally, manure is applied on the surface of fields after harvest. However, without a growing crop in the field to take up nutrients, much of the nitrogen either runs off the field or percolates through the soil uncaptured.
"A growing crop will reach out and grab much of the nitrogen," Arnold said. "It will love it."
For five years, Arnold conducted research on sidedressing manure. He initially used a tanker filled with liquid manure to sidedress manure, but he found using a dragline and manure sidedress toolbar was more efficient and weighed less. He pointed out that the dragline and toolbar caused very few plants to be crushed to death, a concern with many farmers.
For the last three years, the manure toolbar has been tested on fields in Darke County, which annually produces the second-highest number of hogs in the state of Ohio. The manure-sidedressed fields produced 13 more bushels of corn per acre compared to fields where commercial fertilizer were applied, Arnold said.
In addition, there was a savings of about $80 per acre from using manure instead of commercial fertilizer, he said.
"There's always a cost to the livestock farmer to apply manure to farm fields," Arnold said. "By capturing more of the nitrogen in the manure, the farmer can reduce the need to purchase commercial fertilizer and make a bigger profit."
To read more about the OSU manure sidedressing toolbar, including a video of the implement at work in the field, visit: https://agnr.osu.edu/….
Prices for all retail fertilizers are lower compared to a year earlier. Half of the eight major fertilizers are still double digits lower.
10-34-0 is 22% lower from a year ago while anhydrous is 14% less expensive, UAN32 is 12% lower and UAN28 10% less expensive. Urea is 9% lower, DAP is 6% less expensive and both MAP and potash are both 5% lower.
DTN collects roughly 1,700 retail fertilizer bids from 310 retailer locations weekly. Not all fertilizer prices change each week. Prices are subject to change at any time.
DTN Pro Grains subscribers can find current retail fertilizer price in the DTN Fertilizer Index on the Fertilizer page under Farm Business.
Retail fertilizer charts dating back to 2010 are available in the DTN fertilizer segment. The charts included cost of N/lb., DAP, MAP, potash, urea, 10-34-0, anhydrous, UAN28 and UAN32.
DTN's average of retail fertilizer prices from a month earlier ($ per ton):
|June 27-July 1 2016||468||495||358||365|
|July 25-29 2016||459||492||356||356|
|Aug 22-26 2016||451||468||330||330|
|Sept 19-23 2016||443||453||319||323|
|Oct 17-21 2016||436||452||313||317|
|Nov 14-18 2016||436||445||315||327|
|Dec 12-16 2016||433||443||320||333|
|Jan 9-13 2017||432||441||320||338|
|Feb 6-10 2017||431||448||330||354|
|Mar 03-10 2017||436||460||336||361|
|Apr 3-7 2017||438||466||338||354|
|May 1-5 2017||436||466||339||351|
|May 29-Jun 2 2017||436||471||340||339|
|Jun 26-30 2017||437||470||340||333|
|June 27-July 1 2016||554||566||266||304|
|July 25-29 2016||543||545||257||304|
|Aug 22-26 2016||502||515||234||280|
|Sept 19-23 2016||470||494||225||271|
|Oct 17-21 2016||453||475||224||265|
|Nov 14-18 2016||445||466||219||256|
|Dec 12-16 2016||444||463||219||257|
|Jan 9-13 2017||437||467||222||258|
|Feb 6-10 2017||440||485||238||273|
|Mar 03-10 2017||441||503||246||279|
|Apr 3-7 2017||441||505||248||280|
|May 1-5 2017||436||508||247||280|
|May 29-Jun 2 2017||436||503||248||280|
|Jun 26-30 2017||435||484||238||268|
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