KC Fed Chief Insights to Ag Leaders

With Inflation Percolating, KC Fed Chief Cautions Against Cutting the Fed Interest Rate

Chris Clayton
By  Chris Clayton , DTN Ag Policy Editor
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Rostin Behnam, left, chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), listens to Jeffrey Schmid, chairman of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank, talk about the agricultural economy and the Fed's task to lower inflation to 2%. Schmid explained the reluctance of Fed bankers right now to lower interest rates. (DTN photo by Chris Clayton)

OVERLAND PARK, Kan. (DTN) -- The president of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank is cautioning his fellow Fed bankers to continue to "be patient" before making any preemptive moves to lower interest rates.

It's more critical the Fed stick to its goal of bringing inflation rates back down to 2% levels. "We're going to push this inflation rate down," vowed Jeffrey Schmid, president of KC Fed, on Friday.

Schmid spoke to a group agricultural commodity investment leaders and regulators at the 2024 Agricultural Commodity Futures Conference "AgCon," led by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Center for Risk Management Education Research at Kansas State University.

The KC Fed is the largest federal reserve bank in the country by geography and banks in the region are responsible for helping finance farmers in Midwest and Plains states.

Minutes released last week from the Fed's Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting from March show Fed bankers overall remain concerned about inflation. The next FOMC meeting is at the end of April.


Inflation across the economy weighed heavily in Schmid's remarks to the agricultural group as he repeatedly noted the Fed has not yet achieved its goal of "returning inflation sustainably back to our 2% target."

The economy is pushing hard with demand for labor, while paying higher wages for those workers and still dealing with some supply chain challenges, Schmid said. All of that creates some uncertainty about what it will take for the Fed to "restore price stability," he said.


Schmid's speech made the case to other Fed presidents that now is not the time to lower the Fed interest rate. He called for staying the course for now at the current rate level.

"With inflation running above target, economic growth continuing to show momentum, and elevated prices across a range of asset markets, the current stance of monetary policy is appropriate," Schmid said. "Therefore, rather than preemptively adjust the policy rate, I would prefer to be patient and wait for clear and convincing evidence that inflation is on track to hit our 2% target before adjusting the stance of policy."

Inflation has again pushed upward since the beginning of the year. The Consumer Price Index for March was up 3.5% from a year ago. Taking food and fuel out of the equation, other goods increased 3.8% in costs over the year.

"This recent data underscores what I believe is the need for the Federal Reserve to be patient as we wait for clear and convincing evidence that inflation is on track to sustainably return to 2%," Schmid said.


Schmid reiterated the point multiple times. With higher inflation and tight labor, "it is appropriate that monetary policy remain restrictive."

Schmid stressed the labor supply and job market will continue creating multiple headwinds in trying to bring down inflation levels. Businesses are simply looking for more workers.

Demand for labor remains strong as "evidenced by robust hiring and elevated wage growth." So far this year, companies are adding an average of 270,000 a month, "far above the historic norm," Schmid noted.

While wage growth has moderated from its recent peak, it remains elevated compared to early periods and likely is continuing to put upward pressure on prices of services. "Inflation will continue to be challenged in the cost of labor and just the size of our labor force."


The tight labor market and the resulting wage increases are pushing up prices not just for everyday items, but also for housing, "an important contributor to the current strength of overall inflation, Schmid said. Rent inflation peaked in 2022, but rent inflation "remains well above its pre-pandemic rate."

"Research by staff at the Kansas City Fed suggests that the ongoing tightness in the labor market could keep rent inflation elevated for some time," Schmid said. "Job gains and wage increases put upward pressure on rents and housing prices as income growth increases household demand for additional and higher-quality living spaces."

The labor market will remain tight even as immigration has rebounded in the past year and there are more women ages 25-50 entering the labor force, Schmid said. Still, there is a lot of uncertainty over whether increases in the labor supply will rebalance with less demand for labor.

"While I welcome the significant growth witnessed in the economy's workforce last year, it remains unclear whether this rapid pace of supply improvement will continue going forward," Schmid said.


Supply chains remain another area of concern. American consumers continue to power the economy with their spending and demand for goods. Even though the supply chain challenges have eased since 2022, Schmid said there is more upside risk to prices for goods because of "recent disruptions to global shipping." Along with that, "Relatedly, energy prices are also up significantly since the beginning of the year, which poses an additional headwind to sustainably low and stable inflation," Schmid said.


Looking at the farm economy, Schmid noted farm incomes will "remain above their pre-pandemic levels," even though farm income is again forecast to fall this year.

"While higher interest expenses and reduced incomes may be weighing on some highly leveraged producers, the overall financial picture in agriculture remains strong," he said.

Most agricultural lenders continue to report that credit quality also remains strong while, "loan delinquencies are still historically low, and profits of recent years continue to support strong balance sheets."

Higher interests during the past two years also have not brought down farmland values, while there remains "relatively strong global demand for agricultural products."


Schmid added the economy has largely adjusted to the Federal Reserve moves over the past three years to push up the Fed borrowing rate 5% in that time.

"I've been surprised at how well the economy has adjusted to a 500-basis point increase," he said, adding "Maybe there's a little too much chatter about interest rates at this point."

Also see, "Data, Markets and NASS Reports: Producers, Others Raise Concerns Over NASS Dropping Midyear Cattle Report," https://www.dtnpf.com/…

Chris Clayton can be reached at Chris.Clayton@dtn.com

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Chris Clayton