USDA Oct. 1 Cattle on Feed Report

Oct. 1 Cattle on Feed Up 1%

USDA released its Oct. 1 Cattle on Feed on Friday. (DTN/Progressive Farmer file photo)

OMAHA (DTN) -- Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.6 million head on Oct. 1, 2023. The inventory was 1% above Oct. 1, 2022, USDA NASS reported on Friday. This is the second-highest Oct. 1 inventory since the series began in 1996. The inventory included 6.95 million steers and steer calves, up slightly from the previous year. This group accounted for 60% of the total inventory.

Heifers and heifer calves accounted for 4.64 million head, up 1% from 2022.

Placements in feedlots during September totaled 2.21 million head, 6% above 2022. Net placements were 2.15 million head. During September, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 460,000 head, 600-699 pounds were 355,000 head, 700-799 pounds were 485,000 head, 800-899 pounds were 521,000 head, 900-999 pounds were 290,000 head, and 1,000 pounds and greater were 95,000 head.

Marketings of fed cattle during September totaled 1.66 million head, 11% below 2022.

Other disappearance totaled 57,000 head during September, 8% above 2022.


"As expected over the last few days given the wide market shifts and variation in analyst cattle placement estimates, the biggest shift in the Oct. 1 USDA Cattle on Feed report was the cattle placements for the month of September," said DTN Contributing Analyst Rick Kment. "Cattle placements were well above not only the average pre-report estimate, but also above the high range of estimates, at 106% of 2022 levels. A total of 2.2 million head were placed in feedlots in September, creating additional concerns that the higher placement levels will further affect short-term price levels. September cattle placements are the highest monthly placements number since the November 2021 report.

"Cattle on feed totals were also bearish, based primarily on the increased placement levels and lower marketed numbers reported in the report.

"The number of marketed cattle was estimated to be significantly lower than year-ago levels, but with total marketings at 89% compared to the 90.4% in pre-report estimates, this will also limit short-term market support. Marketed cattle in September was the lowest level since the June 2020 report, creating concerns about the number of cattle needed to be sold and processed through the end of 2023."


DTN subscribers can view the full Cattle on Feed reports in the Livestock Archives folder under the Markets menu. The report is also available at….

USDA Actual Average Estimate Range
On Feed Oct. 1 101% 99.7% 99.0-100.3%
Placed in September 106% 101.0% 95.9-104.8%
Marketed in September 89% 90.4% 89.5-91.5%