USDA Crop Progress

Corn Condition Unchanged; Soybean Condition Improves

Anthony Greder
By  Anthony Greder , DTN Managing Editor
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(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

OMAHA (DTN) -- The good-to-excellent condition rating for the nation's corn crop was unchanged last week while soybeans' good-to-excellent rating was up slightly, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service's weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

NASS estimated that 72% of the nation's corn was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 22, unchanged from the previous week. However, the crop's condition was down from 76% good to excellent at the same time of year in 2016, noted DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

Corn development continued to speed along with NASS estimating that 81% of the crop was silking as of Sunday, 19 percentage points ahead of the five-year average pace of 62%. Corn in the dough stage was estimated at 18%, 10 percentage points ahead of 8% for both last year and the five-year average.

Meanwhile, soybean condition saw a slight increase from 69% good to excellent the previous week to 70% last week.

Soybean development also continued to run well ahead of normal, with NASS estimating 78% of the crop blooming as of Sunday, 15 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 63%. Forty-four percent of soybeans were estimated to be setting pods, 21 percentage points ahead of the five-year average pace of 23%.

"At the state level, both corn and soybeans showed slight improvement in Missouri, but were rated a little worse in Michigan," Hultman said.

NASS estimated that 80% of winter wheat was harvested as of Sunday, behind last year's pace of 83%, but slightly ahead of the five-year average of 79%.

Spring wheat was 96% headed as of Sunday, near last year's 95% and slightly ahead of the five-year average of 93%. The condition of the crop slipped 1 percentage point from 80% good to excellent the previous week to 79% last week. That's still the highest good-to-excellent rating for the crop for this time of year since 2010, Hultman said.

Sorghum was 42% headed as of Sunday, ahead of 37% last year and also ahead of the five-year average of 40%. Sorghum coloring was 22%, near 21% last year but behind the five-year average of 24%. Sorghum condition was rated 49% good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from 47% the previous week.

Barley was 94% headed as of Sunday, behind 96% last year and slightly behind the average pace of 95%. Barley condition fell 4 percentage from 85% good to excellent the previous week to 81% last week. Oats were 24% harvested as of Sunday, near 23% for both last year and the five-year average. Oat condition improved by 1 percentage point.

Rice was 46% headed as of Sunday, slightly behind 47% last year but ahead of the average of 41%. Cotton was 78% squaring, behind of the average of 81%. Forty-one percent of cotton was setting bolls, ahead of the average pace of 37%. Cotton condition was down 2 percentage points while rice's good-to-excellent rating was up 2 percentage points.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Silking 81 63 63 62
Corn Dough 18 NA 8 8
Soybeans Blooming 78 65 67 63
Soybeans Setting Pods 44 26 27 23
Cotton Squaring 78 72 76 81
Cotton Setting Bolls 41 31 35 37
Sorghum Headed 42 31 37 40
Sorghum Coloring 22 19 21 24
Spring Wheat Headed 96 93 95 93
Winter Wheat Harvested 80 74 83 79
Rice Headed 46 32 47 41
Barley Headed 94 90 96 95
Oats Harvested 24 16 23 23

**

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 6 19 50 22 3 6 19 51 21 4 8 26 49 13
Soybeans 2 6 22 52 18 2 6 23 53 16 4 10 29 47 10
Spring Wheat 1 3 17 65 14 1 3 16 67 13 21 19 27 28 5
Sorghum 5 11 35 44 5 5 12 36 43 4 2 6 33 52 7
Cotton 14 19 28 32 7 10 18 31 34 7 3 9 33 43 12
Rice 1 5 23 56 15 1 5 25 56 13 1 4 23 53 19
Oats 4 3 21 59 13 4 3 22 58 13 9 13 27 43 8
Barley - 2 17 67 14 1 2 12 70 15 5 9 35 43 8

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

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Anthony Greder

Anthony Greder
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