USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report

USDA Crop Progress Report: US Corn Harvest Kicks Off Slightly Ahead of Average Pace

Anthony Greder
By  Anthony Greder , DTN Managing Editor
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(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

This article was originally posted at 3:06 p.m. CDT on Monday, Sept. 12. It was last updated with additional information at 3:50 p.m. CDT on Monday, Sept. 12.


OMAHA (DTN) -- The nation's corn harvest kicked off slightly ahead of the average pace, while corn maturity was 5 percentage points behind the average last week, showing the wide range of stages the crop is at across the country, USDA NASS reported in its weekly Crop Progress report on Monday, Sept. 12.


-- Crop development: In its first corn harvest report of the season, USDA NASS estimated that 5% of the crop was harvested nationwide, 2 percentage points ahead of last year's 3% and 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 4%. However, the rest of the crop remaining in fields was still behind the average pace in reaching maturity. Corn in the dough stage was estimated at 95%, 1 percentage point behind the five-year average. Corn dented was estimated at 77%, 2 percentage points behind the average. Corn mature was estimated at 25%, 5 percentage points behind the five-year average of 30%.

-- Crop condition: 53% of corn was rated in good-to-excellent condition, down 1 percentage point from 54% the previous week and 5 percentage points below last year's rating of 58%. "Kansas' corn remains the worst rated, at 22% good to excellent," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.


-- Crop development: 97% of soybeans were setting pods, 1 percentage point behind the five-year average. Twenty-two percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 6 percentage points behind the five-year average of 28%.

-- Crop condition: 56% of soybeans were rated in good-to-excellent condition, down 1 percentage point from 57% the previous week and 1 percentage point below last year's rating of 57%. "Wisconsin is the garden spot, with soybeans at 77% good to excellent, with Iowa and Illinois also well rated," Mantini said.


-- Planting progress: 10% of winter wheat was planted as of Sunday, Sept. 11, 1 percentage point behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 7%. "Washington leads the way at 26% planted and is followed by Colorado and Montana at 20% and 19% planted, respectively," said DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman.


-- Harvest progress: Spring wheat harvest moved ahead 14 percentage points last week to reach 85% complete last week. That is 4 percentage points behind the five-year average of 89%. "That's very good considering the late planting start," Hultman said. "Minnesota and North Dakota have the most work left to do, at 75% and 79% harvested, respectively."


After a wet weekend for a lot of areas of the country, this week is going to be on the drier side for many folks, according to DTN Ag Meteorologist John Baranick.

"There are still some showers with a low-pressure center swirling around Lake Michigan that won't be gone until Tuesday, but dry weather does seem to be on tap for the rest of the week," Baranick said. "Temperatures will also increase as a ridge of high pressure slides to the middle of the country and parks itself there going through the rest of the week.

"However, that leads to a void across Western states. Several small disturbances will move into and through the West on the way into central Canada to avoid the ridge, bringing waves of scattered showers and thunderstorms to the Pacific Northwest and Northern Plains as well as the Canadian Prairies. The showers may disrupt maturing summer crops and delay some harvest activities but bring in some relief for drought that has been creeping in for some areas. Winter wheat growers in the PNW would probably like to see the rains after seeing very little over the last couple of months.

"But the rains are unlikely to fall in the southwestern Plains as winter wheat planting is being considered. Hot and dry conditions continue to be unfavorable for another week. There may be some showers on the northern end of the region, and that is the section of winter wheat country that is dealing with the worst drought (western Nebraska and western Kansas) but would be pretty isolated and not have much of an impact. Areas farther south that have seen some good rains in August and early September will be going largely without this week."


Editor's Note: How are your crops looking? Are they better, worse or right on track with USDA NASS' observations this week? Send us your comments, and we'll include them in next week's Crop Progress report story. You can email comments to or direct message him on Twitter @AGrederDTN. Please include your first and last name and the location where you farm.


To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Dough 95 92 95 96
Corn Dented 77 63 85 79
Corn Mature 25 15 35 30
Corn Harvested 5 NA 3 4
Soybeans Setting Pods 97 94 96 98
Soybeans Dropping Leaves 22 10 35 28
Winter Wheat Planted 10 3 11 7
Cotton Bolls Opening 49 39 35 41
Cotton Harvested 8 NA 4 8
Spring Wheat Harvested 85 71 95 89
Sorghum Headed 96 92 99 99
Sorghum Coloring 74 62 82 78
Sorghum Mature 36 28 38 35
Sorghum Harvested 23 20 21 23
Oats Harvested 95 90 97 95
Barley Harvested 91 77 96 92
Rice Harvested 34 24 38 39


National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
Corn 9 11 27 41 12 8 11 27 43 11 5 10 27 44 14
Soybeans 5 10 29 45 11 5 9 29 47 10 4 10 29 45 12
Sorghum 17 29 34 19 1 17 28 34 20 1 4 10 29 47 10
Cotton 15 22 30 29 4 15 16 34 30 5 1 5 30 50 14
Rice 1 3 24 58 14 1 3 24 56 16 1 3 22 59 15

Anthony Greder

Anthony Greder
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