USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report

USDA Crop Progress Report: Corn, Soybean Planting Closes in on Normalcy

Brian Ethridge
By  Brian Ethridge , Marketing Editor
(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

This article was originally posted at 3:04 p.m. CDT on Tuesday, May 31. It was last updated at 3:53 p.m. CDT on Tuesday, May 31.

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OMAHA (DTN) -- U.S. farmers were seemingly busy week last week, pushing corn planting to 86% completion and soybean planting to 66%, USDA NASS said in its weekly Crop Progress report on Tuesday. The report is normally released on Mondays but was delayed this week due to Memorial Day.

"USDA said 86% of the corn crop was planted as of May 29, 2022, down from the five-year average of 87%, but much closer to normal than it has been," DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini said. "Illinois is 89% planted, even with its five-year average. Iowa is 94% planted. North Dakota is 56% planted, a jump of 36 points from last week, but well below the 83% average."

For Soybeans, Mantini added, "Illinois, Iowa and Nebraska are all ahead of their five-year averages. North Dakota is now 23% planted versus the average of 70%, while Minnesota is 55% planted and below the average of 80%; 39% of soybeans were emerged, down from the five-year average of 43% for this time of year."

CORN

-- Planting progress: 86% nationwide as of Sunday, May 29, up 14 percentage points from the previous week.

-- Crop development: 61% of corn was emerged as of Sunday, up 22 percentage points from the previous week and 7 percentage points behind the five-year average

SOYBEANS

-- Planting progress: 66% nationwide as of Sunday, up 16 percentage points from the previous week, and now just 1 percentage point behind the five-year average.

-- Crop development: 39% of soybeans had emerged nationwide as of Sunday, 7 percentage points behind the five-year average.

WINTER WHEAT

-- Crop development progress: 72% of the winter wheat crop was headed nationwide as of Sunday, 4 percentage points behind the five-year average.

-- Crop condition: "USDA said 29% of the winter wheat crop was rated good to excellent as of May 29, 2022, up 1 percentage point from the previous week and down from 48% a year ago; 40% of the crop is rated poor to very poor compared to just 19% a year ago. It is the lowest crop rating since the drought of 1989. Kansas is at 28% good to excellent, and 72% of the winter wheat crop is headed, a little below the five-year average of 76%," Mantini noted.

SPRING WHEAT

-- Planting Progress: 73% of the spring wheat crop was planted as of Sunday, up 24 percentage points from the previous week, but down 19 percentage points from the five-year average. Minnesota is 53% planted, up 41 points for the week, and North Dakota at 59% planted.

-- Crop Condition: 42% of the spring wheat crop had emerged as of Sunday, up 13 percentage points from the previous week, but 27 percentage points behind the five-year average.

A LOOK AT THE WEEK AHEAD

"Areas of showers and thunderstorms will develop across the central and Southern Plains and areas eastward for the rest of the week. Some heavier rainfall will be possible in the Plains where thunderstorms move over the same areas multiple times that could cause some flooding. It's too late for wheat but corn and soybeans could use the moisture, though the flooding wouldn't be favorable. This weekend, we'll see a trough in the West send pieces of energy through the country going through next week. Areas of isolated to scattered showers will develop across the Plains and Midwest, with a lot of hit-and-miss opportunities for rainfall," DTN Ag Meteorologist John Baranick said.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Planted 86 72 94 87
Corn Emerged 61 39 79 68
Soybeans Planted 66 50 83 67
Soybeans Emerged 39 21 59 43
Cotton Planted 68 54 62 64
Winter Wheat Headed 72 63 77 76
Spring Wheat Planted 73 49 97 92
Spring Wheat Emerged 42 29 78 69
Sorghum Planted 40 33 40 43
Oats Planted 88 77 98 95
Oats Emerged 71 58 90 84
Barley Planted 85 71 94 93
Barley Emerged 62 47 77 72
Rice Planted 95 91 97 94
Rice Emerged 79 66 85 81

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 23 17 31 25 4 22 18 32 24 4 6 13 33 49 8
Rice - 2 27 57 14 - 2 28 60 10 - 1 25 60 14
Oat 13 10 26 45 6 15 11 29 40 5 4 9 32 48 7

Brian Ethridge can be reached at brian.ethridge@dtn.com

Brian Ethridge