USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report

Soybean Harvest Progress Leaps Ahead

Anthony Greder
By  Anthony Greder , DTN Managing Editor
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(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

This article was originally posted at 3:04 p.m. CDT on Monday, Oct. 5. It was last updated at 3:45 p.m. CDT on Monday, Oct. 5.

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OMAHA (DTN) -- U.S. farmers took advantage of mostly dry conditions across the nation's midsection last week to speed ahead with harvest, particularly of soybeans, according to the USDA NASS weekly Crop Progress report released on Monday.

NASS estimated that 38% of soybeans were harvested as of Sunday, Oct. 4, a jump of 18 percentage points from 20% the previous Sunday. That puts this year's current progress 26 percentage points ahead of last year at the same time and 10 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 28%. The faster-than-normal harvest was likely aided by the crop continuing to reach maturity slightly ahead of normal, with 85% of the crop estimated to be dropping leaves as of Sunday compared to the five-year average of 83%.

"Minnesota soybeans are 61% harvested, the Dakotas are 60% harvested and Iowa and Nebraska are at 55% each," said DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman. "Illinois is further behind, at 25% harvested."

Soybean conditions were unchanged at 64% good to excellent.

Though outpaced by the soybean harvest, corn harvest also picked up speed last week, moving ahead 10 percentage points to reach 25% complete as of Sunday. That moved this year's current progress to slightly ahead of the five-year average of 24%.

"Illinois corn is 26% harvested, Iowa is 25% harvested, Minnesota is 14% harvested and Nebraska is 21% finished," Hultman said.

Corn reaching maturity was estimated at 87% as of Sunday, 9 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 78%. Corn condition was rated 62% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from 61% the previous week.

Like the soybean harvest, winter wheat planting also picked up speed last week, moving ahead 17 percentage points to reach 52% finished as of Sunday, 5 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 47%. An estimated 24% of winter wheat had emerged, 3 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 21%.

"Kansas winter wheat was 56% planted compared to an average of 41%, with South Dakota 70% planted, and Nebraska and Colorado at 80% and 86% planted, respectively," noted DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

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To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Mature 87 75 54 78
Corn Harvested 25 15 14 24
Soybeans Dropping Leaves 85 74 67 82
Soybeans Harvested 38 20 12 28
Winter Wheat Planted 52 35 48 47
Winter Wheat Emerged 24 10 22 21
Cotton Bolls Opening 83 66 81 75
Cotton Harvested 17 13 22 20
Sorghum Mature 77 62 62 69
Sorghum Harvested 38 31 32 38
Rice Harvested 71 57 74 78

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 4 9 25 48 14 5 9 25 47 14 4 11 29 45 11
Soybean 3 7 26 50 14 3 7 26 51 13 4 11 32 45 8
Cotton 10 17 33 32 8 10 14 33 36 7 4 15 42 32 7
Sorghum 5 12 32 40 11 6 12 31 40 11 2 5 28 51 14

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

Anthony Greder

Anthony Greder
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