State Crop Progress Roundup

Some Dry Areas of Eastern Corn Belt, Southern Plains Receive Much-Needed Rain

(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. (DTN) -- The following are highlights from weekly crop progress and condition reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states for the week ended June 28.

To view the full reports from each state, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. For more on this week's national USDA Crop Progress report, see https://www.dtnpf.com/….

ARKANSAS

There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the state. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 21% short, 57% adequate and 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 18% short, 63% adequate and 17% surplus. The state's low temperatures were 60.7 degrees and 71.0 degrees Fahrenheit. The highs were 79.7 degrees and 87.9 degrees. Precipitation dotted the state, but the highest concentrations were in the southwest region, with an average of 3.94 inches. The crop condition of corn was rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 25% fair, 51% good and 18% excellent. Corn reached 100% emergence, which is right on target for the average. Rice was rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 32% fair, 48% good and 16% excellent. Rice was 99% planted and reached 97% emergence, slightly below the 99% average. Soybean condition was 1% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 51% good and 17% excellent. Soybeans reached 92% emergence, well ahead of last year's 84%. Blooming was 41%, which is below the average of 51%. Cotton squaring reached 68%, significantly decreased from the 83% average. Cotton condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 54% good and 27% excellent.

COLORADO

Precipitation mostly fell in the eastern portion of the state. In the northeastern part of Colorado, the weather was dry and hot. This caused concern for non-irrigated crop producers and some livestock producers. Severe weather conditions were present in parts of the state, with hail damage being reported for corn crops in a few areas. East-central counties received much-needed rain, but there were some lightning-induced fires reported. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, slightly higher than the 6.2 average. Topsoil moisture was rated 28% very short, 41% short, 31% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 27% very short, 43% short, 30% adequate and 0% surplus. Corn conditions were 4% very poor, 14% poor, 32% fair, 37% good and 8% excellent. Sorghum reached 77% emergence, slightly below the 80% average. Winter wheat turning color reached 92%. Winter wheat mature was up to 43%, which is a huge jump from the previous week's 17%. The crop condition was 0% very poor, 5% poor, 19% fair, 69% good and 7% excellent.

ILLINOIS

Illinois had 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. The average temperature was 73.9 degrees, and the average precipitation was 1.65 inches. Topsoil moisture was 6% very short, 18% short, 66% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 4% very short, 15% short, 69% adequate and 12% surplus. Corn silking reached 1%, below the average of 8%. The corn crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 55% good and 12% excellent. Soybean emergence was 96%, above the average of 91%. Soybeans blooming came up to 10% from last week's 2%. The crop condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 56% good and 12% excellent. Winter wheat conditions were 1% very poor, 6% poor, 19% fair, 57% good and 17% excellent, and winter wheat harvested reached 63%.

INDIANA

Indiana crops and pastures received much-needed rain across the state. Rainfall varied from 0.56 inch to 4.68 inches. The topsoil and subsoil moistures increased as a result of the precipitation. Topsoil moisture was 6% very short, 29% short, 59% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 30% short, 61% adequate and 5% surplus. The average temperature was 73.0 degrees, and there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Corn and soybean farmers were relieved to have rain for their crops that were previously suffering from drought stress. Corn condition rated at 3% very poor, 7% poor, 27% fair, 54% good and 9% excellent. Corn silking came up to 2%, slightly below the 5% average. Soybean blooming reached 10%, and the crop condition was 3% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 53% good and 11% excellent. Winter wheat conditions rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 35% fair, 44% good and 7% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 22%, significantly below the average.

IOWA

There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. The northeast region of the state saw the most precipitation with some severe weather. Topsoil moisture was rated 2% very short, 9% short, 81% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 7% short, 85% adequate and 7% surplus. Corn condition was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 66% good and 19% excellent. Soybeans were 0% very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 67% good and 16% excellent. Emergence reached 98% and soybean blooming was at 16%, well ahead of the 7% average. The northern half of the state had several reports of one-inch hail and severe straight-line winds. There were other, some severe, storms that formed in central and southern Iowa. Statewide temperatures averaged in the 70s, and the average rainfall was 1.17 inches.

KANSAS

Topsoil moisture reached 15% very short, 31% short, 50% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 12% very short, 30% short, 57% adequate and 1% surplus. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Corn conditions were 3% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 45% good and 8% excellent. Corn silking was 9%. Soybean blooming reached 8%, which is slightly higher than the 5% average. The crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 56% good and 6% excellent. Cotton condition was 2% very poor, 11% poor, 44% fair, 40% good and 3% excellent. Cotton squaring was up to 27%, which is much higher than the 15% average. Winter wheat rated 7% very poor, 13% poor, 34% fair, 39% good and 7% excellent. Harvested was 47%, below the average of 51%.

MICHIGAN

There were 5.9 days suitable for work. Heavy rain fell late Friday through early Saturday morning in the east and west and south of the Lansing area. The corn crop condition was 2% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 53% good and 12% excellent. Corn emergence reached 96%. Soybeans also neared full emergence at 97%. The crop condition was rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 13% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 88%. Mature was 4%, which is notably lower than the 24% average. The crop condition was rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 27% fair, 50% good and 12% excellent. Topsoil moisture was 14% very short, 27% short, 56% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture reached 12% very short, 25% short, 56% adequate and 7% surplus. The high temperature for the upper peninsula was 84 degrees, while the low was 64 degrees. The rainfall totals ranged from 0.02 inch to 0.12 inch. The lower peninsula high was 88 degrees, and the low was 63 degrees. The precipitation totals varied from 0.09 inch to 3.15 inches.

MINNESOTA

The 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork were mostly limited to harvesting hay. The amiable weather and rains allowed for decent crop development throughout the week. Topsoil moisture rated 1% very short, 11% short, 71% adequate and 17% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 7% short, 78% adequate and 14% surplus. Barley crop conditions were 2% very poor, 4% poor, 18% fair, 66% good and 10% excellent. Headed was up to 55%, slightly below the average. Corn crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 59% good and 25% excellent. Soybean blooming was up to 7%, above the 4% average. Soybean crop conditions were 1% very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 61% good and 20% excellent. Spring wheat rated 2% very poor, 3% poor, 15% fair, 71% good and 9% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 45%, below the 59% average.

MISSOURI

The average temperature was 75.0 degrees, and the precipitation average was 0.62 inch. The northern half of the state and the southeastern corner saw the largest concentrations of rain.

There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 22% short, 71% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 12% short, 79% adequate and 8% surplus. Corn condition was 1% very poor, 5% poor, 26% fair, 56% good and 12% excellent. Corn silking reached 7%, lower than the average of 17%. Soybeans rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 32% fair, 56% good and 7% excellent. Soybeans planted was 94%, and blooming was 6%. Cotton squaring reached 12%, which is significantly below the 38% average. The crop condition was 19% very poor, 19% poor, 28% fair, 34% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 66%, and the crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 10% poor, 39% fair, 44% good and 6% excellent. Rice condition was 1% very poor, 7% poor, 34% fair, 36% good and 22% excellent.

NEBRASKA

There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 11% very short, 32% short, 55% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 7% very short, 24% short, 67% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn was rated at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 19% fair, 55% good and 21% excellent. Silking came up to 1%, just under the 3% average. Soybean blooming was at 27%, which is ahead of the 12% average. The crop condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 20% fair, 58% good and 17% excellent. Oats were rated 1% very poor, 7% poor, 35% fair, 49% good and 8% excellent. Oats headed was at 90%. Winter wheat harvested was at 1%, slightly below the 4% average. The crop condition was 3% very poor, 12% poor, 29% fair, 52% good and 4% excellent.

NORTH DAKOTA

There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 12% very short, 33% short, 43% adequate and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 7% very short, 23% short, 55% adequate and 15% surplus. Corn condition was 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 58% good and 9% excellent. Emergence reached 92%, below the 99% average. Canola crop conditions were 2% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 57% good and 9% excellent. Blooming was 24%, above the 12% last year, but still below the 48% average. Soybeans rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 26% fair, 63% good and 7% excellent. Blooming was below average at 1%. Spring wheat rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 32% fair, 53% good and 6% excellent. Headed was at 30%, well above the 14% last year. Winter wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 14% poor, 36% fair, 41% good and 3% excellent. Coloring was 8%.

OHIO

Rain helped increase the soil moisture levels at a time when crops needed it the most. There were still a few areas of the state that continued to see dry weather. Topsoil moisture was 5% very short, 26% short, 65% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 2% very short, 24% short, 70% adequate and 4% surplus. The average precipitation was slightly above 1 inch. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Corn silking was 1%, right on target with the average. The crop condition was 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 55% good and 8% excellent. Soybean blooming reached 11%, above the 5% average. Soybean condition was rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 54% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was at 1%, well below the 13% average. The crop rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 28% fair, 58% good and 9% excellent.

OKLAHOMA

Rains helped alleviate the drought prevalent across the state, with the totals averaging 0.48 inch. The highest total was 1.03 inches in the south-central district. The temperatures averaged in the high 70s. Topsoil moisture rated 11% very short, 46% short, 43% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 8% very short, 45% short, 47% adequate and 0% surplus. Corn silk reached 16%, and the crop condition was rated 4% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 60% good and 2% excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 3%. The crop condition was 1% very poor, 1% poor, 23% fair, 66% good and 9% excellent. Cotton squaring was 10%, while the crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 23% fair, 70% good and 5% excellent. Winter wheat harvested reached 95%, and canola harvested reached 70%.

SOUTH DAKOTA

There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated 4% very short, 18% short, 69% adequate and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 2% very short, 9% short, 73% adequate and 16% surplus. Corn conditions were 1% very poor, 2% poor, 17% fair, 65% good and 15% excellent. Soybean blooming reached 21%, well above the average of 5%. The crop condition was rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 17% fair, 66% good and 14% excellent. Winter wheat headed was at 98%, which is above the 95% average. The crop condition was rated at 1% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 64% good and 4% excellent. The spring wheat crop condition was 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 63% good and 4% excellent. Spring wheat headed was at 77%, which is above the 66% average.

TEXAS

The southeast, upper coast, south and south-central regions received up to 15.0 inches of rainfall, with some hail and high winds also reported. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. The winter wheat harvest was completed in most areas. The northern high plains had a delay because of the rains. Corn silked reached 62%, compared to the average of 56%. The crop condition was 2% very poor, 7% poor, 36% fair, 45% good and 10% excellent. Cotton squaring reached 30%, and setting bolls reached 13%. The cotton condition rated 8% very poor, 28% poor, 43% fair, 17% good and 4% excellent. Rice emergence was at 54%, and the crop condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 28% fair, 52% good and 20% excellent. Soybean coloring hit 88%, and blooming was up to 40%. The crop condition was 1% very poor, 2% poor, 33% fair, 57% good and 7% excellent. Drought conditions were prevalent in the northern high plains.

WISCONSIN

There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Temperatures in the 80s supported crop growth. There were rain showers and thunderstorms that interfered with fieldwork. The northwestern region of the state received hardly any rain, and the soil was reported to be dry. Crops in the area started showing signs of drought stress. The southern and central regions saw heavy precipitation, which caused some flooding and standing water. Topsoil moisture was rated 1% very short, 7% short, 78% adequate and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 0% very short, 5% short, 79% adequate and 16% surplus. Corn condition was rated at 1% very poor, 3% poor, 18% fair, 51% good and 27% excellent. The soybean emergence reached 97% statewide, up from the 93% average. The crop condition was 1% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 48% good and 31% excellent. Winter wheat headed was at 89%, and coloring was at 32%. The crop condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 18% fair, 49% good and 27% excellent.