USDA Weekly Crop Progress

Soggy Conditions Continue to Stymie Planting Progress

Anthony Greder
By  Anthony Greder , DTN Managing Editor
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(DTN photo illustration by Nick Scalise)

This article was originally posted at 3:02 p.m. CDT on Monday, June 3. It was last updated at 4:10 p.m. CDT on Monday, June 3.

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OMAHA (DTN) -- Soggy conditions across much of the country continued to stymie planting progress last week with farmers managing to plant only another 9% of the corn crop and 10% of the soybean crop during the week. That means 33% of corn and 61% of soybeans are left to plant, according to this week's USDA NASS Crop Progress report.

NASS estimated that, as of Sunday, June 2, corn planting was 67% complete. That was up just 9 percentage points from 58% the previous week and was 29 percentage points behind the five-year average of 96%. In last week's report, corn planting was 32 percentage points behind the average pace.

"Many in the trade had expected progress to show closer to 70-71% complete, in a range of 68% to 76%," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

"On corn seeding, some notable changes, especially in the Eastern Corn Belt, were Illinois, which was 45% done compared to the 98% average; Indiana 31% done versus the average of 94%; and Ohio 33% complete versus a 90% average. Iowa was 80% planted versus the normal pace of 99%, and Nebraska was 88% done versus 98%. South Dakota continued to lag at 44% planted versus an average of 96%," Mantini said.

A lack of sun also hampered corn emergence. An estimated 46% of the crop was emerged as of Sunday, 38 percentage points behind the five-year average of 84%. In last week's report, emergence was 37 percentage points behind average.

"Ohio and Indiana were just 18% emerged compared to 73% and 80% averages, respectively," Mantini said. "South Dakota was once again lagging at just 13% emerged compared to the normal 80%."

Soybean planting also inched along last week. As of Sunday, an estimated 39% of the crop was planted, up 10 percentage points from the previous week but behind last year's 86% and 40 percentage points behind the five-year average of 79%. In last week's report, soybean planting was 37 percentage points behind average.

"Some notable changes in soybean planting progress included: Illinois at 21% planted compared to the 84% average, Indiana at 17% versus the 80% average, Ohio at 18% versus the 76% average and, you guessed it, South Dakota at just 14% planted -- well below the average of 82%," Mantini said.

Nationwide, 19% of soybeans were emerged, 37 percentage points behind the average of 56%.

Spring wheat growers had more success in catching up to the average pace. NASS estimated that 93% of spring wheat was planted as of Sunday, just 3 percentage points behind the five-year average of 96%. That was closer to the average pace than the previous week when planting was 7 percentage points behind normal.

"South Dakota is the laggard, at 86% planted versus a 99% average," Mantini said.

Spring wheat emerged, at 69%, was 15 percentage points behind the five-year average of 84%.

The first spring wheat condition report of the season showed 83% of the crop that had emerged was in good-to-excellent condition. That was considerably better than last year at the same time when 70% of spring wheat was rated in good-to-excellent condition.

"Good-to-excellent condition ratings for key spring-wheat producing states included Minnesota at 86%, North Dakota at 88% and Montana at 88%," Mantini said.

Winter wheat was 76% headed as of Sunday, behind last year's 82% and 8 percentage points behind the five-year average of 84%. USDA estimated that 64% of winter wheat was in good-to-excellent condition, up 3 percentage points from 61% the previous week.

"The trade had expected a decline of 1-2% in winter wheat's good-to-excellent condition rating due to excess rains," Mantini said. "Some notable ratings for individual states included: Illinois with 30% good to excellent, Indiana 53%, Missouri 42%, Kansas 57%, Oklahoma 64% and Texas with 64% good to excellent. Oklahoma's winter wheat condition rating has fallen sharply in the past few weeks, and Kansas' rating is also lower."

Sorghum was 35% planted, compared to 59% last year and a five-year average of 53%. Oats were 91% planted as of June 2, compared to 97% last year and an average of 98%. Oats emerged were at 77%, compared to 89% last year and an average of 93%.

Cotton planting was 71% complete, compared to 74% last year and near the average of 72%. Cotton squaring, at 8%, was also near the average pace of 7%. Rice was 91% planted, compared to 99% last year and an average of 98%. Seventy-six percent of rice was emerged, compared to 94% last year and an average of 91%.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov/…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Planted 67 58 96 96
Corn Emerged 46 32 84 84
Soybeans Planted 39 29 86 79
Soybeans Emerged 19 11 65 56
Winter Wheat Headed 76 66 82 84
Spring Wheat Planted 93 84 96 96
Spring Wheat Emerged 69 47 78 84
Cotton Planted 71 57 74 72
Cotton Squaring 8 NA 9 7
Sorghum Planted 35 28 59 53
Barley Planted 94 87 96 97
Barley Emerged 73 54 80 85
Oats Planted 91 85 97 98
Oats Emerged 77 65 89 93
Oats Headed 23 NA 30 33
Rice Planted 91 84 99 98
Rice Emerged 76 63 94 91

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 2 7 27 50 14 2 7 30 48 13 14 21 28 29 8
Spring Wheat - 1 16 75 8 NA NA NA NA NA 1 3 26 61 9
Cotton 3 10 41 38 8 NA NA NA NA NA 1 15 42 38 4
Barley - 1 11 78 10 NA NA NA NA NA 1 2 18 66 13
Oats 2 5 31 55 7 3 5 34 51 7 4 4 27 56 9
Rice 1 6 32 52 9 1 5 30 54 10 - 3 23 62 12

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National Soil Moisture Condition - 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR
Topsoil Moisture 2 9 56 33 1 7 55 37 8 20 62 10
Subsoil Moisture 2 8 59 31 1 7 59 33 8 22 63 7

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

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Anthony Greder

Anthony Greder
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