Deere, GUSS Form Autonomous Venture

California-Based GUSS Brings Its Autonomous Technology to Deere Joint Venture

Dan Miller
By  Dan Miller , Progressive Farmer Senior Editor
GUSS builds a pair of driverless sprayers developed to treat high-value orchard and vineyard crops in California. Shown here is the larger Orchard GUSS. A Mini GUSS is available for applications in higher-density plantings. (Photo courtesy of GUSS)

Deere & Company has made a new move into the world of unmanned technologies, forming a joint venture with GUSS Automation LLC based in Kingsburg, California, in the San Joaquin Valley.

GUSS, an acronym for Global Unmanned Spray System, currently sells a pair of unmanned machines to treat high-value crops such as vineyards and orchards.

GUSS Automation traces its roots trace back to 1982 and an agriculture spray business called Crinklaw Farm Services (CFS). Along the way, CFS developed multi-row vineyard sprayers, mechanical vineyard pruners, and the Tree-See orchard sprayer, designed for young orchards. CFS now sprays 5,000 acres a day during peak season in California.

GUSS Automation functions today as an individual business entity separate from CFS. It builds two machines, Orchard GUSS and Mini GUSS. Orchard GUSS is 24 feet long and 6 feet, 4 inches tall and come in two widths: 8-foot, 3-inches and 7-foot, 6-inches. Mini GUSS is 25% smaller, enabling it to move through high-density plantings of orchards, vineyards and berries. Its first units were delivered in 2019.

The Deere-GUSS joint venture focuses on specific California high-value crop systems. The joint venture will retain all GUSS technology, while Deere is gaining insight into GUSS technology. By that measure, this is an interesting tech move for Deere, which is currently rolling out commercial technologies for its row-crop customers. Deere will not be building the GUSS units, nor will GUSS technology be applied to Deere products. But access to the technology fits well with Deere's "technology-enabled" product development work.

This year, for example, Deere has introduced its Autonomous 8R tractor and the See & Spray camera visualization system designed to control weeds and manage resistance. Deere's $250 million purchase of Silicon Valley's Bear Flag Robotics last fall brings into Deere a second technology approach to autonomy.

Deere's autonomous 8R moves by way of stereo cameras. Bear Flag tractors are equipped with LiDAR and cameras, plus the computing power to manage the sensors and actuators that bring situational awareness to the tractors. LiDAR stands for light detection and ranging. It is a remote sensing method using light to measure distance and generate three-dimensional information. Bear Flag has deployed its autonomous solution onto U.S. farms.

GUSS Automation also uses LiDAR in combination with GPS in its vehicles. Vehicle sensors and software give GUSS vehicles continued ability to control speed and applications under orchard and vineyard canopies.

The Deere-GUSS joint venture will be collaborative.

"There are no plans to apply GUSS technology to Deere products," Deere says in a written statement to DTN/Progressive Farmer. "GUSS technology will continue to be owned by and further developed by GUSS to serve its grower customers. That said, there are certainly similarities between the two companies. Like Deere, GUSS is solving customer problems through innovation and technology, and we will look for opportunities to collaborate and best serve customers through our joint efforts."

Deere says it was drawn to GUSS because the company is "doing something unique and creative to help growers directly address the significant challenges of increasing labor costs and finding skilled labor to operate spray equipment."


-- Empty weight: 11,660 pounds.

-- Engine: Cummins F3.8 173hp Stage V Diesel.

-- Fuel capacity: 90-gallon fuel cell -- 13- to 14-hour run time.

-- Engine fan: Clean Fix reversing engine fan.

-- Drive type: four-wheel drive.

-- Steering: four-wheel steering.

-- Tires: Titan HTLR 380/85R24 (wide option); Titan HTLR 320/8524 (narrow option).

-- Body: Stainless steel hood, roof, doors and fan housing.

-- Material tank: 600-gallon stainless steel.

-- Fan: Direct drive Breeza fan.

-- Pump: Myers two-stage centrifugal pump.

-- Spray nozzles: 32 nozzle spray manifolds with individual shutoffs.

For information about GUSS:… and John Deere:

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Dan Miller