HOUSTON (AP) -- An ordinance that would establish nondiscrimination protections for gay and transgender people in Houston will now be in the hands of voters after a nearly 18-month battle that spawned rallies, legal fights and accusations of both religious intolerance and demonization of the LGBT community.
Houston residents were set to vote Tuesday on the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance, which supporters say would not only offer increased protections for gay and transgender people, but would provide a wealth of protections against discrimination in various categories.
"The Houston Equal Rights Ordinance will ensure every Houstonian is protected from discrimination, regardless of their faith, race, age, gender and more," Rabbi Joshua Herman of Congregation Beth Israel in Houston said Monday at a news conference as Houston Unites, the campaign backing the ordinance, made its final push ahead of Election Day.
Opponents of the ordinance on Tuesday planned to reach out to voters at polling locations and through social media, phones calls and emails, said Jared Woodfill, a spokesman for Campaign for Houston, which is fighting the ordinance.
Those against the ordinance, including a coalition of conservative pastors, have said it infringes on their religious beliefs regarding homosexuality. But in the months leading up to Tuesday's vote, opponents have focused their campaign on highlighting one part of the ordinance related to the use of public bathrooms by transgender men and women that opponents allege would open the door for sexual predators to go into women's restrooms.
Houston Mayor Annise Parker, who is gay, and other supporters of the ordinance have called this "bathroom ordinance" strategy highly misleading and a scare tactic.
The ordinance was initially approved by Houston City Council in May 2014 but a lawsuit to have residents vote on the measure eventually made it to the Texas Supreme Court, which in July ordered the city to either repeal the ordinance or put it on the ballot.
Tuesday's referendum has drawn attention from around the nation, with the measure getting high-profile endorsements last week from the White House, high-tech giant Apple and Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton. The ordinance also has received support from other members of Houston's religious community.
Woodfill said opponents of the ordinance have included a diverse group of individuals, including pastors from all denominations and local and state elected officials.
On Monday, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott tweeted his support for opponents, saying, "HOUSTON: Vote Texas values, not @HillaryClinton values. Vote NO on City of Houston Proposition 1. No men in women's bathrooms."
Tuesday's outcome is considered uncertain, with one political expert believing the measure is leaning toward defeat.